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Found 10 records similar to Vegetation Zones of Canada: a Biogeoclimatic Perspective
Ecozones are broad ecological zones on the earth's surface and cover a large range of ecosystems such as temperate forest, mountain ranges, grassland, taiga, arctic tundra, extensive river systems, coastline and farmlands. Each ecozone has its own climate, relief, soil, fauna and flora and distinct human activities. In Canada, there are 20 ecozones, consisting of 15 terrestrial and 5 marine units. Forests of Canada cover in total about nine ecozones.
The map title is Vegetation. Map scale. North arrow pointing to the north. Map projection is Hammer-Aitoff.
In Canada, there are 20 ecozones, consisting of 15 terrestrial and 5 marine units. The vegetation varies from one ecozone to another. Forests cover totally or partially nine ecozones: Pacific Maritime, Montane Cordillera, Boreal Cordillera, Taiga Plains, Boreal Plains, Prairie, Boreal Shield, Mixedwood Plains, and Atlantic Maritime.
Published by the Ministry of Forests, Lands, Natural Resource Operations and Rural Development - Forest Analysis and Inventory Geospatial forest inventory dataset updated for depletions, such as harvesting, and projected annually for growth. Sample attributes in this dataset include: age, species, volume, height. The Vegetation Resources Inventory (VRI) spatial datasets describe both where a vegetation resource (ie timber volume, tree species) is located and how much of a given resource is within an inventory unit.
The Public Land Use Zone (PLUZ) dataset is comprised of all the polygons that represent Public Land Use Zones in Alberta. A Public Land Use Zone is an area of land to which legislative controls are applied to achieve particular land management objectives identified in a guiding land and resource plan. They can be used to protect areas containing sensitive resources such as wildlife and their habitats, vegetation, soils and watersheds as well as to separate or manage conflicting recreational activities. These areas have been designated as Public Land Use Zones, under the authority of Section 178 and 208 of the Public Lands Administration Regulation (PLAR) under the Public Lands Act.
The Forest Inventory Zone(s) (FIZ) were developed to provide a broadly based ecological classification of the forest land in British Columbia. FIZ closely follow the early biogeoclimatic zones developed by Dr. Krajina. The province of British Columbia is split into 12 FIZ zones.
Vegetation determines primary productivity as well as the diversity and types of habitat available to wildlife species. Alpine vegetation is sensitive to environmental and ecological changes. Park staff measure vascular plant diversity and the relative abundance of major plant life-forms in permanent sample plots. Plots are visited once every five years.
Shrubs are projected to move upslope and expand into the alpine tundra with a warming climate in the Kluane region of Yukon. Shrub expansion will create habitat for some species, such as moose, but cause habitat loss for species such as hoary marmot, collared pika and ptarmigan. Parks Canada uses alpine vegetation plots to monitor shrub extent in Kluane. Two sub-measures are observed: 1) percent cover of shrubs and 2) height of tallest shrub.
Soil and air temperature control the composition and productivity of tundra plant communities and different species of Arctic and alpine plants respond differently to changing soil and air temperatures, which can lead to changes in community composition The Torngat National Park monitors soil and air temperature using temperature loggers deploys at several locations in the park. Air temperatures (degrees Celsius) are measured each hour using Onset ProV2 data loggers housed in a radiation shield anchored to a firm metal post 1.5 m above ground level. Soil temperature readings (degrees Celsius) have been collected using Onset Hobo Pendant or Hobo Tidbit data loggers buried at a depth of 10 cm and set to record temperatures every hour.
Tundra is an important ecosystem in Vuntut National Park. It covers approximately 56% of the park and is used extensively by the Porcupine Caribou Herd during it’s spring and fall migrations. The Porcupine Caribou Herd is critically important to the Vuntut Gwitchin and protecting portions of the herd’s spring and fall migration habitat was one of the main reasons for the creation of Vuntut National Park. There is evidence that a warming climate is changing Arctic vegetation.