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Found 10 records similar to Community based seawater monitoring for organic contaminants and mercury in the Canadian Arctic

Federal

This dataset contains 2005 concentrations of total mercury (THg), gaseous elemental mercury (GEM), methylated mercury, dimethyl mercury (DMHg) in the water column of the Canadian Arctic. Mercury in the Arctic is an important environmental and human health issue. The reliance of Northern peoples on traditional foods, such as marine mammals, for subsistence means that they are particularly at risk from mercury exposure. Mercury concentrations on biological organisms have increased since the onset of the industrial age and are controlled by a combination of abiotic factors, food web dynamics and structure, as well as animal behavior.

Last Updated: Jul. 29, 2021
Date Published: Aug. 28, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Arctic, Northwest Passage, North Open Polynya, Hudson Strait, Hudson Bay, Mercury, Northern Contaminants Program (NCP), Contaminants, Marine Food Web
Federal

This dataset contains concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in seawater sampled in various locations in the Arctic ranging from 2005-2008. Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are ubiquitous contaminants of marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments, including remote arctic wildlife. Slow, and long-range oceanic transport from source regions in the northern hemisphere is hypothesized to be among the major pathways contributing to PFAA contamination in remote marine environments. The Arctic Ocean is influenced by Pacific and Atlantic seawater as well as riverine outflows.

Last Updated: Jul. 29, 2021
Date Published: Sep. 4, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Arctic, Bering Strait, Chukchi Sea, Mackenzie Bay, Amundsen Gulf, Coronation Gulf, Victoria Strait, Barrow Strait, Resolute Bay
Federal

The purpose of this study is to examine trends over time of mercury and other trace elements, as well as legacy and new persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in landlocked Arctic char collected annually from lakes near the community of Resolute Bay on Cornwallis Island (Amituk, Char, North, Small, and Resolute) and in Lake Hazen in Quttinirpaaq National Park on Ellesmere Island. The project is also examining links between climate warming and increases or decreases in mercury concentrations in landlocked char. Sampling of water and Arctic char was aided by local people between 2005 and 2007. Many scientific publications have been produced from this project, and results have been discussed in the Canadian Arctic Contaminants Assessment Report III (2013): Persistent Organic Pollutants in Canada's North, Canadian Arctic Contaminants Assessment Report III (2012): Mercury in Canada’s North, and the Synopsis of Research Conducted under the 2015–2016 and 2014-2015 Northern Contaminants Program.

Last Updated: Feb. 21, 2022
Date Published: Apr. 8, 2014
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: PDF HTML
Keywords:  Northern Contaminants Program (NCP), Arctic Char, Fishes, Mercury, Contaminants, Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP), Char Lake, Cornwallis Island, Ellesmere Island
Federal

This dataset contains the ambient dissolved concentrations of organophosphate esters (OPEs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in North Atlantic Ocean (Greenland Sea) as well as a summary of the passive polyethylene samplers (PEs) deployed. Organophosphate esters (OPEs) have been found in remote environments at unexpectedly high concentrations, but very few measurements of OPE concentrations in seawater are available, and non are available in subsurface seawater. Passive polyethylene samplers (PEs) deployed on deep-water moorings in the Fram Strait and in surface waters of Canadian Arctic lakes and coastal sites were analyzed for a suite of common OPEs. Organophosphate esters are poorly understood contaminants in remote marine environments.

Last Updated: Jul. 23, 2021
Date Published: Oct. 19, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Oceans, Environment, Biota, Nature and Biodiversity - Contaminants
Federal

Ringed seals (Phoca hispida) are harvested annually in Arviat and Resolute (Nunavut), Sachs Harbour (Northwest Territories) and Nain (Labrador) with the help of the communities in the context of an environmental monitoring program. Samples of meat, blubber, liver and kidney are collected for inorganic elements and organic contaminants analyses along with a variety of biological/life history parameters measurements such as age, length, weight, body condition, stable isotopes of nitrogen and carbon, blubber thickness, and lipid content. Data have been collected since 1991, but mostly since 2004, and this project is ongoing. Supplemental Information

The Northern Contaminants Program (NCP, http://www.science.gc.ca/eic/site/063.nsf/eng/h_7A463DB
A.html) was established in 1991 in response to concerns about human exposure to elevated levels of contaminants in wildlife species that are important to the traditional diets of northern Aboriginal peoples.

Last Updated: Feb. 21, 2022
Date Published: May 22, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: PDF HTML
Keywords:  Environment, Nature and Biodiversity - Contaminants
Federal

Communities in east Hudson Bay and James Bay are concerned about ecosystem changes observed in recent decades, particularly related to sea-ice conditions, and also about potential impacts of contaminants from long-range atmospheric transport and regional human activities. The Arctic Eider Society’s Community-Driven Research Network (CDRN) was established to measure and better understand large-scale cumulative environmental impacts in east Hudson Bay and James Bay. Building on CDRN collaborations and activities in five communities (Sanikiluaq, Kuujjuaraapik, Inukjuak, Umiujaq, Chisasibi), this Northern Contaminants Program (NCP) community-based project generated new information on metal bioaccumulation that provide a regionally integrated perspective on metal exposure in the marine environment of east Hudson Bay and James Bay.

Last Updated: Sep. 1, 2022
Date Published: Aug. 20, 2016
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: HTML
Keywords:  Metals, Environment, Hudson Bay, metals, food web, community-based monitoring
Federal

We set out to examine possible links between climate warming and increases in mercury concentrations ([Hg]) in landlocked Arctic char (S. alpinus) in the High Arctic. Mercury concentrations vary regionally and have remained constant or increased slightly in landlocked char in lakes on Ellesmere Island and Cornwallis Island over a 12-16 year period. This, despite declining industrial mercury emissions in North America. Therefore, we hypothesized that climate warming might increase the input of mercury from catchments through permafrost melt, leading to greater associated body burden of adult char.

Last Updated: Jul. 22, 2021
Date Published: Apr. 28, 2014
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Northern Contaminants Program (NCP), Arctic Char, Fishes, Mercury, Contaminants, Char Lake, Cornwallis Island, Ellesmere Island, Kent Peninsula
Federal

Concentrations of alternative flame retardants and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were analyzed in ringed seal (Phoca hispida) blubber collected across the Canadian Arctic during subsistence hunts between 1998 and 2013. The presence of flame retardants in ringed seals suggests their persistence and their continuous inputs in the Canadian Arctic environment. Monitoring and research on the effects of these contaminants in seals are warranted given the importance of this species in Arctic marine food webs and for local communities. Supplemental Information

The Northern Contaminants Program (NCP, http://www.science.gc.ca/eic/site/063.nsf/eng/h_7A463DBA.html) was established in 1991 in response to concerns about human exposure to elevated levels of contaminants in wildlife species that are important to the traditional diets of northern Aboriginal peoples.

Last Updated: Jul. 22, 2021
Date Published: May 22, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Nature and Biodiversity - Contaminants, Arctic
Federal

Recent and historical deposition of mercury (Hg) are examined over a broad geographic area from southwestern Northwest Territories to Labrador and from the U.S. Northeast to northern Ellesmere Island using dated sediment cores from 50 lakes (18 in midlatitudes (41-50 degrees North), 14 subarctic (51-64 degrees North) and 18 in the Arctic (65-83 degrees North)). Objectives were to quantify latitudinal and longitudinal trends of anthropogenic mercury deposition in eastern and northern North America, to investigate variations in mercury deposition, to examine relationships with lake area, catchment/lake area ratio and sedimentation rates, and to compare results with model predictions. Distinct increases of mercury over time were observed in 76% of Arctic, 86% of subarctic and 100% of midlatitude cores. Subsurface maxima in mercury depositional fluxes were observed in only 28% of midlatitude lakes and 18% of arctic lakes, indicating little recent reduction of inputs.

Last Updated: Feb. 21, 2022
Date Published: Apr. 30, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Northern Contaminants Program (NCP), Mercury, Contaminants, Sediment cores, Northern Ecosystem Initiative (NEI), Toxic Substances Research Initiative (TSRI), Arctic lakes, Subarctic lakes, Mid-latitude lakes
Federal

Temporal trends and climate related parameters affecting the fate of legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were examined in landlocked Arctic char from four lakes in the Canadian Arctic. Among biological parameters, lipid content was a key factor explaining the concentration of most POPs in Arctic char. Legacy PCBs and OCPs generally showed declining trends of concentrations in Arctic char, consistent with past restriction on uses and emissions of POPs. However, increases in lake primary productivity (measured as chlorophyll a) exerted a dilution effect on POPs concentrations in Arctic char.

Last Updated: Jul. 23, 2021
Date Published: Jun. 19, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Northern Contaminants Program (NCP), Arctic Char, Fishes, Persistent organic pollutants (POPs), Char Lake, Cornwallis Island, Ellesmere Island, Kent Peninsula, Lake Amituk
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