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Found 10 records similar to Bioavailability of pharmaceuticals in Northern Pike in the St. Lawrence River

Federal

In this study, seven non‐specific biomarkers were compared in Spottail Shiners (Notropis hudsonius Clinton) from localities receiving urban and industrial effluents and relatively clean localities in the St Lawrence River, Canada. Pigmented macrophages are involved in a variety of functions including the detoxification and recycling of exogenous and endogenous material, responses to foreign material or infectious agents, and antigen recognition. Pigmented macrophage aggregates are focal accumulations of pigmented macrophages found in the spleen, kidney, liver and other organs of fishes. They may respond to toxicants or exposure to infectious agents such as viruses or bacteria either by increasing in number and size or by changing the shape of the aggregation.

Last Updated: Jul. 29, 2021
Date Published: May 4, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Spottail Shiner (Notropis hudsonius), Fish, parasite communities, St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP), pigmented macrophages, St. Lawrence River, Parasites, Environment, Biota
Federal

Increased productivity from sewage effluents can enhance species richness locally. Results from a study of Spottail shiners (Notropis hudsonius) in 1999 showed that prevalence and the mean number of myxozoan parasite species per host were higher downstream of the wastewater outflow from the Island of Montreal than upstream in the St. Lawrence River, Quebec, Canada. This was attributed to organic enrichment of the sediments which presumably lead to increased densities of oligochaetes, the alternate hosts, downstream of Montreal. Spottail shiners subsequently were collected every August/early September in 2001–2004 to examine the stability and repeatability of these patterns.

Last Updated: Jul. 28, 2021
Date Published: May 4, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Spottail Shiner (Notropis hudsonius), Fish, parasite communities, Myxozoans, St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP), St. Lawrence River, Parasites, Environment, Biota
Federal

Restrictions in the utilization of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) mixtures have led to the increased usage of alternative flame retardant additives in a wide range of commercial applications. The present study examined the occurrence of established and emerging flame retardants (EFRs) in fish from a densely-populated urbanized sector of the St. Lawrence River (Montreal, Quebec, Canada). Thirty-eight PBDE congeners and sixteen EFRs were determined in fish belonging to three predatory species (yellow perch, northern pike, and muskellunge). The bioavailability of these EFRs in human-impacted aquatic ecosystems warrants further environmental assessment and toxicity testing.

Last Updated: Jul. 29, 2021
Date Published: May 4, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  emerging flame retardants (EFRs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), dechloranes, contaminants, Fish, yellow perch (Perca flavescens), northern pike (Esox lucius), muskellunge (Esox masquinongy), St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP)
Federal

The specific composition, biomass, vertical distribution and metal content of submerged and emergent aquatic plants in the St. Lawrence were evaluated. The riparian vegetation community of the St. Lawrence is characterized by the presence of extensive wetlands in the floodplain, a border of emergent plants and vast underwater meadows dominated by American wild celery (Vallisneria americana), a strong indicator species of metal concentration.

Supplemental Information

The St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP) 2011 to 2026 (see http://planstlaurent.qc.ca/en/home.html) is the latest Canada-Quebec Agreement on the St. Lawrence and builds on the four previous agreements implemented since 1988.

For more information on SLAP, please visit https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/environmental-funding/ecosystem-initiatives/st-lawrence-action-plan.html

Last Updated: Feb. 21, 2022
Date Published: Mar. 26, 2019
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  submerged aquatic vegetation, emergent aquatic vegetation, Vallisneria americana, macrophyte, metals, indicator, St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP), Environment
Federal

The epiphytic cyanobacterium Gloeotrichia pisum forms spherical colonies embedded in a gelatinous matrix that is attached to submerged aquatic vegetation. In surveys of two fluvial lakes of the St. Lawrence River conducted in 2006–2007, growth conditions and diazotrophic ability in conjunction with the biomass and condition of its supporting macrophyte, Vallisneria americana, were examined. G. pisum integrates complex, temporally variable water-quality characteristics that are dependent upon hydrology and water residence time, thus acting as an early warning indicator of incipient habitat degradation that may lead to cyanobacterial proliferation and low biomass of vascular macrophytes. Supplemental Information

The St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP) 2011 to 2026 (see http://planstlaurent.qc.ca/en/home.html) is the latest Canada-Quebec Agreement on the St. Lawrence and builds on the four previous agreements implemented since 1988.

Last Updated: Jul. 29, 2021
Date Published: Mar. 26, 2019
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  St. Lawrence River, Lake Saint-Pierre, Lake Saint-Louis, epiphytic cyanobacteria, Gloeotichia pisum, Vallisneria americana, nitrogen depletion, indicator, St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP)
Federal

Temporal changes (1970–2016) in St. Lawrence River wetlands were assessed between Cornwall and Québec to assess wetland response to cumulative anthropogenic pressures in the watershed. Emergent wetlands area and biomass of submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) were contrasted among five regions subjected to sharply different water level/discharge regime (stabilized, semi-natural, tidal), nutrient concentrations and shoreline use (rural to urbanized). Between 1970 and 2016, over the growing season, St. Lawrence River mean water level have dropped and mean water temperature increased. Reductions in phosphorus concentrations were observed over time both in water and in SAV tissues, in phase with improvements of urban wastewater treatment and phosphorus reduction in upstream Lake Ontario.

Last Updated: Feb. 21, 2022
Date Published: Mar. 26, 2019
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  St. Lawrence River, Lake Saint-Pierre, Lake Saint-Louis, submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV), macrophytes, wetlands, nitrogen depletion, phosphorus, water level
Federal

The Richelieu River, Quebec, is a highly-regulated waterway subject to numerous anthropogenic influences from municipal effluents and agricultural activities. Parasite communities in 234 spottail shiners (Notropis hudsonius) were examined from 4 localities in late spring 2003 and 2004. Parasite component community similarity among localities could not be directly linked to available upstream water quality measurements or anthropogenic activity and was best explained by precipitation. This study suggests that fish parasite species composition and richness in the Richelieu River are influenced by environmental parameters which in turn ultimately are driven by a combination of climatic conditions and anthropogenic activities in the watershed.

Last Updated: Jul. 29, 2021
Date Published: May 4, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Spottail Shiner (Notropis hudsonius), Fish, parasite communities, precipitation, St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP), Richelieu River, Parasites, Environment, Biota
Federal

Increased flux of carbon and nutrients from human activities in river basins were linked to acidification and deepwater hypoxia in estuaries and coastal areas worldwide. Annual loads (1995–2011) of suspended particulate matter (SPM), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) were assessed at the Lake Ontario inlet of the St. Lawrence River (SLR) and its estuarine outlet at Québec City. Internal loads from the Ottawa River, seventeen other tributaries, urban wastewaters, atmospheric deposition and erosion were also estimated. Supplemental Information

The St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP) 2011 to 2026 (see https://www.planstlaurent.qc.ca/en/) is the latest Canada-Quebec Agreement on the St. Lawrence and builds on the four previous agreements implemented since 1988.

Last Updated: Oct. 13, 2022
Date Published: May 4, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: HTML
Keywords:  Environment, Water quality, St. Lawrence River, Carbon, Hydrology, St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP), Estuarine acidification, Hypoxia, Nitrogen
Federal

Parasite communities were examined in Johnny Darters (Etheostoma nigrum) collected from five localities in the St. Lawrence River in southwestern Quebec: two reference localities, one polluted locality upstream of the Island of Montreal and downstream of industrial and agricultural activity, and two polluted localities downstream of the Island of Montreal in the plume from the wastewater treatment facility. Fish from the upstream polluted locality had the highest parasite species richness and total parasite numbers, and fish from the downstream polluted localities the lowest. Differences between reference and polluted localities were mainly due to higher abundances of the brain-encysting trematode, Ornithodiplostomum sp., at the reference localities. Differences between upstream and downstream polluted localities were mainly due to a higher diversity and abundance of trematodes in fish at the upstream locality

Supplemental Information

The St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP) 2011 to 2026 (see http://planstlaurent.qc.ca/en/home.html) is the latest Canada-Quebec Agreement on the St. Lawrence and builds on the four previous agreements implemented since 1988.

Last Updated: Feb. 5, 2019
Date Published: May 4, 2018
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: CSV HTML
Keywords:  Johnny Darter (Etheostoma nigrum), Fish, parasite communities, St. Lawrence Action Plan (SLAP), St. Lawrence River, Parasites, Environment, Biota, Nature and Biodiversity - Contaminants
Federal

The subjects of this study – the St. Lawrence (river, estuary and gulf) and the Ottawa and Richelieu rivers – present a range of natural shoreline habitats that are conducive to the flourishing of avian, aquatic and terrestrial fauna. Avian fauna, particularly migratory birds, use wetlands as feeding and resting areas. These wetlands develop primarily in bays that are sheltered from currents and their flora varies depending on water salinity and the presence or absence of tides. In the lowlands of the St. Lawrence, which are washed by fresh and brackish waters, wetlands contain submerged and emergent aquatic plants in areas unaffected by tidal action and are dominated by the American bulrush in areas where tidal variations uncover muddy sediments.

Last Updated: Mar. 22, 2019
Date Published: Nov. 25, 2015
Organization: Environment and Climate Change Canada
Formats: HTML
Keywords:  Migratory birds, Wetland, American bulrush, Spartina, Orleans, St. François, St. Louis, Gentilly, St. Pierre
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