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Found 10 records similar to All Resource-reliant Communities, 2001
Each of the 84 communities shown on this map has a 30% or higher reliance on two of the resource sectors of agriculture, energy, fisheries, forestry or mining. The large majority of these communities are located in the four western provinces (48) or in Quebec (25). Most are small communities in terms of population: only Brant, Ontario and Val-d’Or, Quebec, have more than 12 000 people; five other communities in western Canada have 10 000 to 12 000 people. Almost all other communities have 2 000 or fewer inhabitants.
There are 804 communities that are at least 30% reliant on agriculture and agricultural products processing. Of these communities, the majority (502) have a reliance of 50% or higher and 302 have a reliance between 30 and 49%.
There are 652 forestry-reliant communities, of which 324 have a reliance of 50% or greater, and 328 have a reliance of 30 to 49%. The communities are spread across Canada and closely match the distribution of commercially usable forests.
There are 185 mining-reliant communities, of which 88 have a reliance of 50% or greater, and 97 have a reliance of 30 to 49%. The economy of these communities depends either on local mining activity or on metal-processing plants.
There are 207 fishery-reliant communities, of which 80 have a reliance of 50% or greater and 127 have a reliance of 30 to 49%. The communities are almost all located near salt water. Only one, Grand Rapids, Manitoba on the shores of Lake Winnipeg, is in the interior of Canada.
There are 149 energy-reliant communities, of which 60 have a reliance of 50% or greater, and 89 have a reliance of 30 to 49%. The distribution of communities closely relates to the extent of the main oil and gas producing area of Canada, which is located in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin.
This map indicates the degree of reliance of each of the 298 communities on forest-related industries. The index range spans the complete range from 50% up to 100% with most communities having values in the lower half of this range. Even though there are two widely-separated zones of these communities in Eastern Canada and Western Canada, there is little difference between the two zones in the overall degree of reliance. Many of these places depend on local forestry activity such as logging and on manufacturing industries such as pulp and paper production for their economic sustainability.
The income index compares the average employment income value of each community to that for Canada. The value for Canada as a whole is set at 1.00. The range of the index is from 0.12 to 1.65, with the median value for these communities being 0.73. Income index values are generally higher in Western Canada.
The education index is a measure of the proportion of the population 15 years of age and over who have post-secondary qualifications compared to the Canadian proportion meeting the same criteria. The index values are generally lower than the Canadian average. The median value is 0.78, and 88% of the communities have a value of less than 1.00 which is the Canadian norm. The values tend to be higher in Western Canada, especially in the southern part of British Columbia, and also in the larger communities with a population of 5000 or greater.
The 5-year mobility measures the percentage of the population aged five years or older who moved (changed address) in the five years preceding Census Day, 1996. The values are generally low. Three-quarters of the places have a figure below the Canadian average and the median for the entire set of 298 places is 29%, well below the Canadian average of 40%. The higher values for these places are largely found in Western Canada; where almost all of the values of 50.0% or more are found.