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Found 10 records similar to Research at a Glance: Mandatory Minimum Penalties

Federal

Reader's Note: This publication presents results of an online public opinion survey completed by a sample of Canadians who received an invitation through email, Facebook and Twitter (called "open link" sample; see method for more details). This survey mirrored a survey conducted with a representative sample of Canadians, the results of which are available at Research on Justice issues.

In general, respondents were not supportive of the current MMP regime and preferred a more individualized approach to sentencing. Compared to the representative sample of Canadians, respondents to the open link survey were more knowledgeable of MMPs, more supportive of full discretion for judges in sentencing, and less supportive of MMPs.

Last Updated: Nov. 22, 2018
Date Published: Jul. 1, 2018
Organization: Department of Justice Canada
Formats: PDF HTML
Keywords:  Justice system, Research, Consultations, Legal issues, Annual reports, Criminal justice
Federal

What we found:

Young people noted that the most important factors judges should consider in fair and equitable sentencing are personal circumstances and history of the accused person, and the nature of the crime, including the context, severity and motive for the crime. Ultimately, young people did not believe that mandatory minimum penalties (MMPs) were beneficial because they limit judicial discretion.

Last Updated: Nov. 20, 2018
Date Published: Jul. 5, 2018
Organization: Department of Justice Canada
Formats: PDF HTML
Keywords:  Court decisions, Research, Justice system, judges, Criminal justice, Youth
Federal

Most Canadians feel that sentencing guidelines are the best way to ensure a fair sentence and they believe that sentencing would be more consistent with such guidelines. Many Canadians also believe that Canada should consider having a sentencing commission, and that most important activity of this body would be to give judges guidelines for sentencing decisions.

What we also found:

Seven in ten (71%) Canadians indicated that the best approach to sentencing is to provide guidelines while sill allowing for a judge's discretion.

More than eight in ten (83%) thought that guidelines for sentencing would help making sentencing more consistent (only 4% did not believe that this would be the case) and that Canada should consider having set guidelines (81%).

Last Updated: Nov. 12, 2019
Date Published: Mar. 5, 2018
Organization: Department of Justice Canada
Formats: PDF HTML
Keywords:  Justice system, Research, Consultations, Legal issues, Judges, Criminal justice system, Convictions
Federal

The majority of Canadians believe that judges should have at least some degree of discretion and flexibility when deciding a sentence. What we also found:

The overwhelming majority of Canadians (95%) felt that the best approach for determining fair and appropriate sentences for offenders involves giving judges at least some degree of discretion. Seven in ten (71%) Canadians thought the best way was to give judges some sort of guideline or range of sentences to choose from, with the option of going outside those ranges if they deem it necessary. About one-quarter (24%) of Canadians believed that the best way to determine a fair and appropriate sentence was to give judges full discretion (deciding on the sentence after looking at how the offence happened, why the offender did it and what sentences were given in other similar cases).

Last Updated: Nov. 22, 2018
Date Published: Mar. 4, 2018
Organization: Department of Justice Canada
Formats: PDF HTML
Keywords:  Justice system, Research, Consultations, Legal issues, Judges, Criminal justice system
Federal

Readers Note: This publication presents results of an online public opinion survey completed by a sample of Canadians who received an invitation through email, Facebook and Twitter (called an "open link" sample; see Method for more details). This survey mirrored a survey conducted with a representative sample of Canadians, the results of which are available at Research on Justice Issues

Most respondents believe that diversion of accused people from the courts, should be the preferred response in some types of offences/situations. They also believe that increased use of diversion could make the criminal justice system (CJS) more efficient and effective. The majority of respondents believe that judges should have at least some degree of discretion and flexibility when deciding a sentence.

Last Updated: Nov. 22, 2018
Date Published: Jul. 2, 2018
Organization: Department of Justice Canada
Formats: PDF HTML
Keywords:  Justice system, Research, Consultations, Legal issues, Judges, Criminal justice system, Convictions
Federal

To inform policy develop, public engagement and communications, and to support its mandate, the Department of Justice commissions periodic national surveys to explore Canadians' perception, understanding and priorities on justice-related issues.

This 2017 survey focuses on views and perceptions of the criminal justice system (CJS), in order to inform the ongoing criminal justice system review being undertaken by the Minister of Justice. It seeks to engage with people in all regions of Canada and to promote government transparency and openness. Specifically, the study explores Canadians’ views and perceptions of:

Sentencing (e.g., judicial discretion, sentencing considerations, guidelines) Mandatory minimum penalties (MMPs) Administration of justice offences (AOJOs) Use of diversion/alternative measures Restorative justice and problem-solving approaches to justice Performance measurement and confidence in the CJS.

Last Updated: Aug. 14, 2019
Date Published: Mar. 28, 2018
Organization: Department of Justice Canada
Formats: DOC CSV
Keywords:  Applied Research, Legal services, Surveys, Annual reports, Justice system
Federal

To inform policy develop, public engagement and communications, and to support its mandate, the Department of Justice commissions periodic national surveys to explore Canadians' perception, understanding and priorities on justice-related issues.

This 2017 survey focuses on views and perceptions of the criminal justice system (CJS), in order to inform the ongoing criminal justice system review being undertaken by the Minister of Justice. It seeks to engage with people in all regions of Canada and to promote government transparency and openness. Specifically, the study explores Canadians’ views and perceptions of:

Sentencing (e.g., judicial discretion, sentencing considerations, guidelines)
Mandatory minimum penalties (MMPs)
Administration of justice offences (AOJOs)
Use of diversion/alternative measures
Restorative justice and problem-solving approaches to justice
Performance measurement and confidence in the CJS

Last Updated: Aug. 8, 2019
Date Published: Mar. 28, 2018
Organization: Department of Justice Canada
Formats: PDF HTML
Keywords:  Department of Justice, National Justice Survey, Community Engagement
Federal

Prior to the introduction of the Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations (MMPR), the Medical Marihuana Access Regulations (MMARs) extremely limited access to cannabis to a small number of conditions and circumstances and only when authorized by a specialist. Since 2008, Veterans Affairs Canada (VAC) has provided coverage for the cost of marijuana for medical purposes (MMP) to Veterans who obtained the product in accordance with Health Canada regulations. Under the MMARs , access was in limited circumstances and the number of Veterans receiving MMP were appropriately low. On April 1st, 2014, Health Canada released new regulations which eliminated the need to meet certain health criteria before obtaining MMP.

Last Updated: Jan. 5, 2019
Date Published: Nov. 15, 2016
Organization: Veterans Affairs Canada
Formats: PDF HTML
Keywords:  Veterans Affairs Canada, VAC, Marijuana for medical purposes, Internal audit, Evaluation, Veterans
Federal

Under the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act and Regulations, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) may issue an Administrative Monetary Penalty (AMP) as an enforcement measure to encourage compliance with the Health of Animals Act, the Plant Protection Act, the Meat Inspection Act and their associated regulations.

Last Updated: Jun. 5, 2020
Date Published: Sep. 1, 2013
Organization: Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Formats: CSV
Keywords:  ADMINISTRATIVE, MONETARY, PENALTIES
Federal

The minimum wage is a basic labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation. Today, one of its main purposes is to protect non-unionized workers in unskilled jobs, although it can also influence, directly or indirectly, the level of compensation of other employees as well.
A minimum wage constitutes a floor above which employees or their unions may negotiate with management for higher remuneration. However, it is rarely static: adjustments are required from time to time to maintain its relevance in changing economic and social conditions.

Last Updated: Mar. 11, 2020
Date Published: Mar. 10, 2014
Organization: Employment and Social Development Canada
Formats: CSV
Keywords:  The minimum wage
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