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Indigenous people are overrepresented in Canada's criminal justice system as both victims and as people accused or convicted of crime. There are only a few national data sources that provide criminal justice statistics disaggregated by Indigenous identity. National data that does exist to identify Indigenous people in the criminal justice system include the General Social Survey (GSS) on self-reported victimization, police-reported homicide statistics, and data on provincial/territorial and federal custody. This fact sheet uses data from the 2014 General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization.
The purpose of the national Indigenous Courtwork (ICW) Program evaluation is to examine the relevance, effectiveness and efficiency of the Program, in accordance with the Treasury Board 2016 Policy on Results. The ICW Program has been evaluated three times in the past ten years.
The Conditional Release Special Conditions dataset provides information on the number of special conditions imposed by the PBC in a given period. The information is sorted according to location and category of decision. Items found in this dataset include, among others, jurisdiction, sentence type, review type, condition type, race, gender and offence type.
The Conditional Release Reviews dataset provides information on the number of reviews conducted by the PBC for a given period. A review contains one or more decisions conducted on the same day for the same offender. Reviews are sorted according to location and review type. Items found in this dataset include, among others, jurisdiction, sentence type, review type, race, gender and offence type.
This table contains 75 series, with data for years 1998 - 2000 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years), and is no longer being released. This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (15 items: Canada; Newfoundland and Labrador; Prince Edward Island; Nova Scotia; ...); Requests for services (5 items: Total facilities; Total requests; Requests for services, housing; Requests for services, non-housing; ...).
The Decisions dataset provides information on the number of conditional release decisions taken by the PBC during a given period. Items found in this dataset include, among others, location, final decision, jurisdiction, decision purpose, sentence type, review type, race, gender and offence type.
The file contains one record for every offender serving a sentence of two years or more under Correctional Services of Canada (CSC) jurisdiction. The data were extracted from the Offender Management System (OMS) and reflect the status and attributes of offenders as of April 14, 2013.
The Conditional Release Appeal Decisions dataset provides information on the number and results of decisions rendered by the PBC Appeal Division during a given period. Decisions are sorted according to location and final decision. Items found in this dataset include, among others, jurisdiction, decision purpose, sentence type, review type, race, gender and offence type.
Outgoing civil legal aid dossiers processed under the interprovincial reciprocity agreement, five years of data.
Canadians indicated that they are not very familiar with restorative justice (RJ), but after receiving an explanation, the majority of Canadians support the use of RJ and see the process as an effective way to repair the harms caused by crime. What we also found:
Most Canadians (87%) indicated that victims should be able to meet with the offender and tell them about the impacts of the crime if they wish to do so. Over half (64%) of Canadians indicated that RJ should be available to all victims and offenders, regardless of the offence type, as long as both the victim and offender want to take part in the process and the offender admits his or her guilt. Given the lack of knowledge about RJ, it is not surprising that some Canadians (39%) still have questions or concerns about the RJ process.